Relationship between Various Food Uptakes and Body Mass Index (BMI) in Japanese Young and Old Men and Women

Background: Sucrose and sweet beverage uptakes have been implicated to be one of causes of obesity. We wanted to know if any food uptake may be related to increase in Body Mass Index (BMI) in healthy young and old men and women.

Methods: Healthy young and old men and women were given self-administered diet history questionnaires and described answers on each item by recollection of diets they took. From these questionnaires, we calculated the intake of energy, carbohydrate, fat and protein.

Results: Old people took more protein, lipids, carbohydrates, and omega fatty acids than young people. Men took such foods more than women. There was no statistically significant relationship between particular food uptakes and BMI.

Conclusion: Uptakes of sucrose and sweet beverage did not increase BMI in healthy people. We do not think that sucrose uptake is a major reason for obesity.


Shimizu F, Ishii Y, Ogawa M, Takao T, Matsuoka K, Kato K and Takada A

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